What Causes Sleep Apnea

November 10th, 2010

The causes fall into two main categories:

Obstructive: Obstructions or blockages could be due to the obesity, adenoids and enormous tonsils (particularly common in children), irregular physical structure (larger tongue or uvula or narrow airways) or weak throat muscles. Contributing factors to this disorder can also be asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergies, excessive stress and a constricted sleeping position.

Central: This could be as a result of neurological disorders, strokes, neurodegenerative diseases, surgical complications or perhaps radiotherapy.

There are many causes of sleep apnea. Some are listed below.

– Whilst you’re sleeping the throat muscles and tongue relax more than normal, and the fleshy tissue in the back of ones throat called the uvula also relaxes. This could sometimes cause an obstruction which restricts the passage of air causing the sufferer to prevent breathing. Due to lack of oxygen they wake up but then drift back to sleep directly. Normally the sufferer is absolutely ignorant of the issue although it could happen in the course of the night. It is going to however affect how they feel throughout the day.

– An obstruction to the passage of air throughout the nose and throat because of large tonsils and adenoids. Here’s the most typical reason behind sleep apnea in children.

– Alcohol and medicine can in susceptible people cause the muscles of their breathing system to sit back and in so doing cause the sleeping condition.

– Damage to the lung’s surfaces through smoking is another risk factor. Regrettably passive smokers are also put in peril.

– Allergies may increase the odds of having an apnoeic episode as a result of nasal congestion.

– It truly is thought in many quarters that various diseases of the thyroid glands contribute to the sleep disorder.

– Although snoring isn’t an immediate indication it has been implicated. Those who snore regularly inhale lots of air whilst snoring which causes the soft tissue inside the throat to lengthen. This stretching over the years can cause the obstruction of air movement.

– Age is another important cause. As one gets older you lose some amount of muscle groups and its elasticity. It will cause the airway to become blocked which in turn ends up in congestion and breathing problems.

– Lack of exercise and obesity seem interlinked. When one would not exercise enough, you’re prone to gain weight on the way to in turn end in a greater probability of littered with the disorder.

– Weight gain makes an additional at risk of sleep apnea. More deposits of fatty tissues gather in ones throat when one gains weight, causing the airways to narrow. This may cause the sufferer to snore more loudly and makes them more susceptible to waking up. Sleep apnea affects the levels of hormones inside the body. The level of Leptin which suppresses appetite is reduced and the level of Grehlin is increased which increases the will for food. Subsequently the sufferer is drawn into a vicious cycle causing even more weight to be put on.